New development Four major ports are to be built at Moyale, Mekelle, Woreta and Dire Dawa under the framework of Dry Port Services Enterprise (DPSE).
Investment opportunities Textiles, the power generation and telecommunication sectors, and agriculture, particularly horticulture attract foreign direct investment (FDI).
Business section Oil and gas, energy, industrial logistics, port projects, renewables, pharmaceutical, hi-tech/telecom, automotive, mining and manufacturing.
Export opportunities Coffee, dried legumes, gold, sheep and goat meat and tanned sheep hides.
Import opportunities Refined petroleum, delivery trucks, packaged medicaments, palm oil and mixed mineral or chemical fertilizers.
Import origins China, India, the United States (USD 826 million), France and Turkey.
Borders Ethiopia borders Djibouti, Eritrea and Kenya,Sudan, Somalia and South Sudan.
Despite Ethiopia being a landlocked nation, logistics remain vital to the country’s economic growth and Ethiopia has made tremendous infrastructural improvements in creating its own logistics network. Key infrastructural developments are underway in the region’s main logistics transport network, along with the construction of new roads and rail lines linking the port to create further accessibility and to ease congestion. The main corridor to Ethiopia and South Sudan is through Djibouti port for commercial, government and humanitarian cargo. Djibouti handles 80% of cargo destined for Ethiopia. Other routes would be from Port Sudan and Berbera and Mombasa ports could be alternative options for Ethiopia’s southern region. There exist other options for transhipment to Ethiopia through Southern Somali and the ports of Assab and Massawa in Eritrea, but geopolitical unrest and conflict make these natural options very challenging.

Ethiopia has two major dry ports, Modjo Dry port and Semera, another dry port 560km from the capital Addis Ababa with the capacity to handle about up to about 70% of Ethiopia’s imports. The country plans to build four new dry ports at Moyale, Mekelle, Woreta and Dire Dawa to accommodate growing import demands. This has led to the creation of infrastructure links with the dry ports and seaports in Somaliland, Djibouti, Kenya, Sudan and South Sudan.